A few times a year, I offer you to discover the valley of Haut Bréda through a walk, a local speciality recipe, or themes as different as fauna, flora…
You can contact me to ask me to talk about a subject connected, of course, with the valley, or you can write something about the valley. See you soon !
This subject has been written by Pierre Pola, from La Ferrière.
The Haut Breda valley is the classic example of a northern Alps' valley.
Very wooded and with a very marked relief, it offers innumerable places of refuge to more and more different animals species. From the mixed forests of the hills to the steep summits of our mountains, you will discover that animal life is present everywhere.
In the lower parts, you can see a fauna common to lots of forests. The numerous roe deers, wild boars, red deers occupy the zone of the plains up to the altitude of 1400 m. There move according to the season, to the weather or to their social life (rut, dropping...).
These species live with other animals like the marten, the common hare, the sqirrel, the fox, the badger, the wildcat, the lynx... and with a lot of different birds you can easily watch with a pair of binoculars. Here are the most frequent bird species :
Black head warbler
Hawfinch stones breaker
Tree chaffinch, north chaffinch
Bluetit, great tit, boreal tit, tufted tit, coaltit
Green woodpecker, black woodpecker, great spotted woodpecker, lesser spotted woodpecker
The diurnal and nocturnal birds of prey stay in the stage of the mountain forests, such as the common variable buzzard, the goshawk, the european sparrowhawk, the tawny owl, the sparrow owl, the Tengmalm owl and the very small european sparrow owl which occupies the cold and deep forests.
Above the forests, it is the "specialists" business. The present animals are experienced mountaineers. Usually coming from the ice age, these animals remarkably adapt themselves to face up to the severity of the environment. Some can only be seen during a small part of the year, such as the friendly marmot which prefers to sleep 6 months a year rather than to face up to the winter severity. When you will wake from winter, marmots, be careful to the golden eagle which pays attention to you !
The snow voles build some small granaries and set up their winter quarters between the ground and the blanket of snow.
Some species prefer to be hidden and do not hesitate to repaint their look. On the snow, you cannot expect to detect a ptarmigan, a variable hare or an ermine ... only a small colourful touch can betray them.
Such as most of the altitude species, the black grouses and the ptarmigans alter their digestive system according to the winter conditions and to the food available in that season. When it is snowing heavily, the capercaillies (the other name of the black grouse) let the snow recover them, remain totally still, so that they do not use up all their energy and they take advantage of the natural igloo made by the snow blanket.
The chamois and the ibexes change their mane to a larger, a woolyer as well as a warmer one.
We talk a lot about the wolf. It came back to the valley in 1997. Its presence shows that nature is becoming luxuriant again, but it is a problem for ewes farmers who spend summer in mountain pastures.
Summer and winter alike, in all there splendour, the wild nature of Belledonne exposes itself to people who are able to like it. From the smallest insect to the wolf, all the animals show a wild and strong nature.
Wild life is, little by little, regaining possession of its rights and will, little by little, charm you.